Vatican, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Reg. lat. 1260 (draft description)


Aratea text: Hyginus, De astronomia; Aratus Latinus; Revised Aratus Latinus

Parchment — 179 fols. — 237 × 190 mm — France — s. IX-X

Layout: 27-31

Selected bibliography:Finch, Chauncey E. "Three Textual Notes," Illinois Classical Studies 3 (1978): 269-272 esp. 269-272 — Beeson, Charles Henry. Isidor-Studien. Munich, 1913, 67. — Hyginus. L’astronomie. Edited by André LeBoeuffle. 2nd ed. Collection Des Universités de France. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2002, p. XLVIII. — Laistner, M. L. W., and H. H. King. A Hand-List of Bede Manuscripts. Itaca: Cornell university press, 1943. — Munk Olsen, Birger. L’étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles. Vol. I. Catalogue des manuscrits classiques latins copiés du IXe. au XIIe siècle: Apicius-Juvénal. Paris: CNRS, 1982, p. 534.says it is from 3 elements (s. IX-X/XI) the second two medical. The first 124 fols. Quaternions sauf f. 49-54 (ternio), 119-124 (quaternio missing 7 and 8), missing a quire between f.16 and f.17. Within this 124 fols. one can distinguish three contemporary and homogenous units: ff. 1-16, 17-86 and 87-124. — Mostert, Marco. The Library of Fleury. A Provisional List of Manuscripts. Hilversum: Verloren, 1989.provenance prob. Fleury; ff. 125-164 only prov. prob. Fleury s. X; ff. 165-179: s. X/XI prov. prob. Fleury. — Pellegrin, Élisabeth. Les manuscrits classiques latins de la Bibliothèque Vaticane: 2, 1 : Fonds Patetta et fonds de la Reine. Paris: CNRS, 1978.argued for a French origin; insular influence by the initials (?). — Viré, Ghislaine. ‘La transmission du De astronomia d’Hygin jusqu’au XIIIe siècle’. Revue d’histoire des textes 11 (1981): 159–276. — Viré, Ghislaine. ‘Le Texte Du “De Astronomia” d’Hygin: Question de Méthode’. Latomus 51 (1992): 843–56.

Part 1

Support: Quire marks in roman numerlas on the last verso of quires, mostly quaterniones: fols. 8v (I), 16v (II), 24v (IIII), 32v (V), 40v (VI), 48v (VII), 54v (VIII), 62v (VIIII), 70v (X), 78v (XI), 86v (XII), 94v (XIII), 102v (XIIII), 110v and 118v probably cut out with the lower margin (XV? and XVI?), 124v (XVII).

History: Written in s. IX. Viré (1981) suggested that the manuscript was written in Northern France, possibly in Auxerre (following a suggestion by B. Bischoff). Laistner and Beeson considered it a product of Fleury. Pellegrin argued for a French origin; script exhibiting insular influence by the execution of initials (?). According to Mostert the manuscript consists of five distinctive parts: ff- 1-16, 17-86, 87-124, 125-164 and 164-179, whereby the first three (ff. 1-124) are contemporary and homogenous (following here Munk Olsen). — By the 16 th c. the manuscript was probably in the Abbey of Fleury-sur-Loire as it matches the succinct title (Liber Bedae presbyteri de natura rerum) of No 254 in the catalogue of 1552. Ownership note by Pierre Daniel of Orleans (d. 1603) on f. 1r; according to Pellegrini also his marginal notes in the manuscript.

Ir Two Riddle (12th-century addition) Est domus in terris set uiuit sempe in undis Chauncey E. Finch, "Three Textual Notes," Illinois Classical Studies 3 (1978) 269-272.

1r-7v Bede: De natura rerum With interlinear and marginal glosses.

7v-12r Bede: De tempribus

12r-14v Bede: Letter to Wicthede

14v-15v Computistical argumenta Est enim racio qualiter terminus paschalis inueniri possit. martius habet relulares XXXVI aprilis XXXV si uis inuenire terminum in martium

15v-16v Computistical argumenta and regulae Incipit compotum grecorum anni circuli qualiter calculare debeas Ianuarius augustus et december IIII Nonas habent … — … Si uis inuenire quota feria sir ipse terminus pachalis Borst, Der karolingische Reichskalender und seine Überlieferung bis ins 12. Jahrhundert. Teil 1, pp. 403.

17r-44r Isidore: De natura rerum

44v-83v Hyginus: De astronomia

84r-84v Bede: De natura rerum (ch. 14-17) Sunt autem sui cuique planetarum circuli quos greci hapsides in stellis uocant … — … Signa XII uel a causis annalibus uel a gentilium fabulis nomina sumpserunt.

84v-86r Excerpts from the Aratus Latinus and the Revised Aratus Latinus as addition to Bede's DNR on the zodiacal signs their mythological origin and number of stars. quas ideo strictim ac breuiter subter notare curauimus … — … sub mammis […], in sinistro lumbo I. Pellegrin noted that the texts on ff. 84v-86r are present also in Leiden, UB, VLO 15, ff. 188-190.

86v De sideribus Ps. Priscianus. Added probably in the 11th century with musical neumes.

87r-124v In dei nomine incipiunt pauca de ratione conputandi secundum solem et lunam me legat annales uult qui cognoscere ciclos tempora qui uaria qui simul astra poli Sciendum nobis quo modo sol in principalibus linguis uocatur

Part 2 (ff. 125-164)

Support: The text of Aethicus' Cosmographia is in five regular quaternios (125-132, 133-140, 141-148, 149-156, 157-164), sewing strings visible in the middle of quires, with two surviving quire marks at the bottom of the last verso in capital letters: f. 132v (A) and f. 164v (E).

125r-164v Aethicus Ister: Cosmographia Incipit liber Aethici philosophico editus oraculo a Hieronimo presbitero translatus in latinum ex cosmografia mundi scriptura edicta aethici philosophi cosmographi Philosophorum scedulas sagaci indagatione inuestigans

Part 3 (ff. 165-179)

Support: The Hermeneumata take one quaternio (ff. 165-172) and one ternio (ff. 173-178).

165r-179v Four glossaries of Greek and Latin medical terms. Incipiunt hermeneumata De decem specibus medicamentorum; haec sunt de animalibus terennis Goetz, Corpus glossarum latinorum 3 (Leipzig, 1892), pp. xxxii-xxxiii.

(draft version: 2019-01-12 2019-01-19)
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